Average home loses 2.6 per cent of value as Bank of England warned not to ‘tank’ mortgage market with interest-rate rise
Britain’s house prices recorded their fastest fall in 12 years as the Bank of England was warned of the “dire” impact of further interest-rate hikes on the housing market.
Average prices fell by 2.6 per cent last month compared with a year earlier, according to the widely followed Halifax house price index – wiping £7,500 off the value of a typical property in 12 months.
Property experts have warned that the housing market could “tank completely” if the central bank is forced to raise the base interest rate to 7 per cent. One industry figure said “We ain’t seen nothing yet” on house-price falls, while another said a base rate of 7 per cent would “start to break things” in the market.
The value of the average house declined by 0.1 per cent from May to June, the third consecutive monthly fall as the impact of the Bank of England’s interest-rate hikes began to show. The fall means that:
An average £294,000 house had around £7,500 wiped off its value in a year
The value of a £150,000 house will have decreased by around £4,000 in the same timeframe
A £600,000 house is now worth around £16,000 less than a year ago
Halifax mortgage director Kim Kinnaird said there was still “a degree of stability” in the market, despite the economic turmoil facing homeowners and first-time buyers, adding that the depth of the downturn remains “hard to predict”.
But Jonathan Rolande, founder of the National Association of Property Buyers, told The Independent: “We ain’t seen nothing yet.”
He said prices are only holding up thanks to a large chunk of buyers being locked into low-rate mortgages, as well as the high level of pent-up demand. “When this declines we will see prices falling faster. Things are going to become more difficult for sellers and buyers alike,” he said.
Markets are now betting that the Bank’s base rate will climb to 6.5 per cent by March next year. But leading economist Allan Monks, of JP Morgan, said some indicators suggest that the Bank’s key rate would have to go to 7 per cent in order to curb inflation.
Craig Fish, managing director at mortgage broker Lodestone, said that if interest rates were to hit 7 per cent, the mortgage market would “tank completely”.
He said: “If we see rates hit 7 per cent, I genuinely think house prices going down 35 per cent is possible. I think it is going to be dire. That is why I cannot see it going to 7 per cent, because it would just have such dire consequences.”
Tom Pugh, an economist at consultancy RSM, warned that a base rate of 7 per cent would “start to break things”, as he suggested that house prices could fall by more than 20 per cent.
Riz Malik, director of independent mortgage broker R3 Mortgages, said that further rate hikes could be “the straw that breaks the camel’s back”.
He predicted at the start of the year that house prices could fall by between 10 and 15 per cent, and said that if interest rates increase further, some homeowners will be pushed into negative equity – where a person’s mortgage is larger than what their house is worth.
But Professor Abhinay Muthoo, a fellow at the National Institute of Economic and Social Research, insisted that there is “no need to panic” as Britain is “not in a 2007-2008 scenario”, referring to the global financial crisis that took place 15 years ago.
He said: “The financial crisis of 07-08, that was panic time. We are not there. But people who are already suffering right now will suffer more.”
The residential research director at property consultancy JLL, Marcus Dixon, told The Independent that while it is a “challenging” market, he does not expect house prices to crash, predicting that they will fall by around 6 per cent by the end of this year.
“If you look back at what happened in the global financial crisis, there were a lot of forced sales because people lost their jobs or did not have much equity in their properties,” Mr Dixon said. “We are not seeing that at the moment. The employment market is very buoyant.”
Average house prices across UK (£)
Map shows annual rate of increase or decrease for house prices
It comes as the Bank of England pushed UK interest rates up to 5 per cent last month, the highest level in 15 years. Average five-year fixed-rate mortgage deals jumped above 6 per cent for the first time since November.
The latest figures from experts Moneyfacts show that an average two-year fixed residential mortgage rate on Friday was 6.54 per cent, up from 6.52 per cent the previous day.
Tory MP Lucy Allan, who warned in June that Britain was heading for a “mortgage catastrophe”, said that prices would continue to fall if Rishi Sunak’s government and the Bank refused to consider other ways to control inflation.
Ms Allan said buyers have “dried up” because of the increase in borrowing costs, while those with unaffordable mortgages are trying to exit the market. “Inevitably this causes house prices to fall. It’s simple economics, supply and demand,” she said.
And she added: “[The] government must look at other means of controlling inflation than continuing to hike up interests rates, otherwise house prices will continue to fall, with a rise in forced [sales] and repossessions. We can’t go on as we are.”
Tory minister Robert Halfon said Britain is in a “very difficult economic situation”, though falling house prices could help first-time buyers. “But it will be tough,” he added. “There’s no denying that the economic situation is incredibly challenging.”
Source: The Independent