Who suffers Most from Extreme Weather Events? Weather-related Loss Events in 2019 and 2000 to 2019
The Global Climate Risk Index 2021 analyses to what extent countries and regions have been affected by impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.). Human impacts (fatalities) and direct economic losses were analyzed. The most recent data available — for 2019 and from 2000 to 2019 — were taken into account.
The countries and territories affected most in 2019 were Mozambique, Zimbabwe as well as the Bahamas.
For the period from 2000 to 2019 Puerto Rico, Myanmar and Haiti rank highest.
For the period from 2000 to 2019 the Philippines ranks fourth.
This year’s 16th edition of the analysis reconfirms earlier results of the Climate Risk Index: Less developed countries are generally more affected than industrialized countries. Regarding future climate change, the Climate Risk Index may serve as a red flag for already existing vulnerability that may further increase in regions where extreme events will become more frequent or more severe due to climate change.